Is Bad Breath A Sure Sign Of Gum Disease?

Is Bad Breath A Sure Sign From Gum Illness?

The solution is no! While halitosis is actually a feasible indicator of periodontal illness, various other common reasons emerge at the same time. As an example, tonsil stones can create bad breath. Tonsil stones are actually developed when rotting food particles gathers in the crevices of the tonsils and also ends up being compressed in to just what are pertained to as “rocks. ” You may possess foul-smelling breath from tonsil rocks without having any kind of periodontal health condition whatsoever.

Post-nasal drip could also result in foul breath, as the expelled mucous provides a wealthy meals for the anaerobic germs that trigger foul breath, aiding them to multiply quickly. Once more, this form of halitosis isn’t really by itself a sign of gum condition.

Having said that, one of the most popular reason for halitosis is a shortage from enough oral hygiene. Incorrect brushing and also flossing, or even just too little of this, could leave sizable quantities of plaque still stuck to as well as increasing on your teeth and also gum tissues. If this growth is made it possible for to carry on untreated, the anaerobic bacteria has the option to burrow down underneath the gum line, where they create unwelcome pockets of microbial colonies, ones that are actually devilishly hard to arrive at and wash without the support of specialized resources.

Anaerobic micro-organisms release an odor just like sulfur, and also that is actually precisely that odor that’s very most very closely connected with foul-smelling breath. Periodic halitosis might just be a sign that it is actually opportunity to clean again, yet relentless or persistent foul breath can be an early indication of gum disease.

If you have constant foul-smelling breath along with tender or irritated periodontals, there is actually a likelihood that you are experiencing some amount of gum illness. It is very important to find your dental expert as soon as possible to find therapy, certainly not only for social reasons, however your overall state from health and wellness.

Oral Hygiene And Heart Disease

Dental Hygiene And Heart Disease

cranberry floss tray
Source: Flickr

There are actually numerous apparent reasons to take excellent care of you’re teeth as well as gums, for example possessing white, appealing pearly whites, fresh breath, no dental caries, less oral trips, gum disease, and also gingivitis.
However, explores have actually found lately that having great oral care may additionally trigger a healthy heart.

Research has actually shown that individuals who possess gum also have actually a much raised threat from possessing thicker carotid canals which could result in cardiovascular disease and movement. This indicates that, the greater volume from oral plaque buildup you invite your oral cavity is heading to amount to higher volumes of cavity enducing plaque in your heart as well as veins. The connection between these pair of ailments is certainly not completely known, however scientists hypothesize that periodontal illness may begin a rise from chemical reactions that could lead to inflammation throughout the body system.

If you want to defend on your own off the distressing proposal from cardiovascular disease you need to certainly not simply be actually a lot more energetic and consume a well-balanced diet plan, yet you ought to additionally start taking much better care of your pearly whites. Did you know that there are even more bacteria in your oral cavity compared to there gones on the area from the earth? And the if that microorganisms is actually unclean out regularly it will definitely work out in your mouth as well as cause gum disease. Lots of people don’t intend to admit that they go to threat for having gum illness but in reality, regarding 90% from adults are in at the very least the starting stages of periodontal illness, and those folks (consisting of youngsters) who are actually diabetic are at an also greater threat for acquiring the health condition. But, not all the updates is bad, there are many ways you may stop gum illness, and also subsequently, also help prevent soul issues. The steps you ought to have are actually as adheres to: clean your teeth two times a time, floss your teeth once daily, visit your dental professional two times a year, and find out about and also look for the beginning from gum disease.

Maybe you are stressed that you could currently possess gum tissue disease. If that is the case, you need to be actually looking for the adhering to warning signs. Hemorrhaging gum tissues when combing or flossing, red, inflamed, and tender periodontals, gums that have retreated coming from the tooth, exposing aspect of the root or creating the pearly whites seem a lot longer, bad breath, and also totally loose pearly whites. If you carry out possess some of the above signs and symptoms, satisfy contact your physician asap since if gum tissue disease is actually left behind neglected in are going to simply worsen.

Can Periodontal Gum Disease Be Reversed?

Can Periodontal Gum Disease Be Actually Turned Around?

Can periodontal gum tissue condition be actually turned around?
The solution is certainly, if you begin early enough as well as are diligent. Advanced periodontal gum tissue condition might still be reversed, but it is going to have some unique cleansing given through your dental expert to give you a fighting opportunity.

Taking on an arduous day-to-day oral care routine right now may go a long way to reversing periodontal gum tissue ailment.

1. Brush carefully when you get up in the early morning as well as before you go to bed each evening. Cleaning or even at the very least rinsing out with water after dishes and also snack foods will definitely additionally assist eliminate food items and microorganisms caught between teeth, helping backwards periodontitis.

2. Wash your mouth with a really good anti-bacterial mouthwash for a minimum of a complete thirty few seconds two times each day. This will assist meet bacteria entraped in pockets here your periodontal product line, assisting in reversing periodontal gum tissue condition.

3. Floss every time. Spend exclusive attention to using floss simply listed below the gum line for turning around periodontal gum disease.

4. Also far better compared to flossing or even rinsing is actually using some of the powerful oral irrigators on the market place, which blow up meals fragments out of between your pearly whites as well as clean the gumline. High-end irrigators can be acquired along with exclusive ideas to reach out to greatly into any pre-existing wallets as well as clean all of them out. These unique ideas are necessary for successful cleaning if your periodontitis has already created on its own.

While a diligent dental health regimen can go a long way in helping the reversal of periodontal gum illness, sometimes the contamination is as well much progressed, as well as it is required in order to get qualified aid.

If the concern is actually coming to be intense, your dental expert might want to perform a periodontal cleaning. If x-rays reveal deeper wallets of micro-organisms neighboring any of your teeth here the periodontal collection, your dental professional could pick from exclusive methods called debridement, scaling or root planing to use and also scrape the germs out as well as make the tooth less hospitable to germs. He may likewise get a prescribed anti-bacterial oral cavity laundry to become made use of day-to-day that will definitely likewise aid in reversing periodontal gum tissue ailment.

If additional is called for, he may do real gum surgical procedure, which entails lifting the covers from the gum to make it possible for deep cleansing and suturing them back in place. After the procedure, you will possess numerous sessions to examine the excellence of the cleansing. Still, there readies news for patients that have to experience by means of surgical treatment– a 2001 study found that roughly FIFTY% from clients with mild to extreme periodontal illness showed measurable enhancement off surgical treatment, while those attempting non-surgical choices enjoyed less results.

The crucial trait is to find support as quickly as you see any type of signs of problem with your periodontals. The good news is, periodontal gum tissue ailment could be reversed if that is actually captured early good enough.

Gum Disease Herbal Remedies

Periodontal Ailment Herbal Solutions

cosmetic dentist Dr. Molly Marshall talking to patient
Source: Flickr

Gingivitis is another condition for gum tissue condition. It is distinguisheded by an inflammation of the gums (gingival) around the teeth because of inappropriate dental care. When the teeth are not cleaned properly, oral plaque buildup deposits mount, irritating the gums and also causing a bacterial disease. Another type from gum disease is actually periodontitis. This is an even more significant as well as much deeper inflammation from the gum tissues and also the tissues that border and assist the pearly whites. If right unattended, this could lead to progressive reduction from the underlying bone tissue that sustains the teeth.

How you can Stop This

Gum tissue health condition is simply steered clear of. It just calls for correct oral hygiene. If the condition has actually simply begun to establish, this can still be addressed through cleaning the teeth effectively and also washing it making use of floss. A number of the nutritional supplements recommended to stop gum tissue disease coming from creating are actually folic acids for rinsing. Vitamin C, Coenzyme Q10, as well as Calcium mineral are additionally should always keep the periodontals and also the teeth healthy and balanced and tough.

Gum Condition Herbal Remedies

There are really many herbal remedies offered to treat periodontal condition. Although making use of these gum ailment organic remedies still needs additional clinical proof, there have been files where these plant based solutions succeeded in handling the illness signs and symptoms. Below are actually examples of these plant based treatments that have presented a little bit of effectiveness in treating gum tissue illness:

* Bloodroot
Organic treatments could be made out of the cannabis, bloodroot which includes high concentrations from alkaloids, especially the alkaloid, sanguinarine. Alkaloids are actually sometimes included tooth pastes as well as various other dental hygiene items considering that they have a hindering factor from dental micro-organisms. Bloodroot natural treatments might be actually used to deal with gum condition. Likewise, you could possibly make use of tooth paste or mouth clean which contains the primary alkaloid located in bloodroot natural remedies, Sanguiranine.

In one research, bloodroot natural remedies are actually pointed out to function effectively when accompanied with zinc lozenges. Some tooth paste offered today consists of alkaloids off bloodroot and zinc as they help in reducing periodontal illness.
* Sage Oil, Peppermint Oil, Menthol Chamomile, Echinacea, Myrrh, Clove, Caraway
Other important organic treatments that may be utilized to treat gum tissue disease are a combination made up from an assortment of alkaloid-rich weeds. In cases of acute gum inflammation, herbalists typically suggest organic treatments consisting of 0.5 ml of the plant based combination in a fifty percent a glass of water three times daily.

Effective ways to Utilize

Liquid natural solutions ought to be swished slowly in the mouth making certain that its own energetic elements reach all edges of the mouth and pearly whites. After some moments, eject the mix. To stop reappearances, the mix may be utilized in watered down volumes now and then.

KEYWORD PHRASES “Periodontal Health Condition” – 12 (quality = 2.7%)
” Herbal Remedies” – 13 (thickness = 2.9%).

Gum Disease

Gum tissue Condition

Many people usually disregard that bleeding gums are among the important sign of periodontal illness. Gum health condition or likewise referred to as “gum health condition is the inflammation of the gingiva or even additional referred to as periodontals. Periodontal (practically suggests “around the pearly white”) health conditions are actually microbial contaminations that ruin the attaching threads and also the promoting bone tissue that holds the pearly whites in the oral cavity. If periodontal ailments are left behind untreated, it may cause tooth loss or heart diseases.
There are 2 phases of periodontal conditions. These are: gingivitis as well as periodontitis. Gingivitis is the irritation of the periodontals without the bone reduction while periodontitis is actually the swelling of the periodontals that results in the loss of the bone tissues around the teeth.
Gingivitis is actually the early stage from the periodontal ailment. Gingivitis may be alleviated and also switched if the illness is diagnosed early. Gingivitis are actually triggered by the buildup from plaque as well as tartar due to bad dental hygiene or even by gum tissue trauma triggered by challenging brushing. The signs from gingivitis are swollen, glossy, and also cherry or even violet tinted gums. Painful mouths, periodontals that very painful when touched, gum tissues that hemorrhages effortlessly despite having mild brushing as well as itchy periodontals in different severity are likewise signs of gingivitis. An additional indication this phase of periodontal ailment is the receding gum line. Gingivitis can be prevented by cleaning the pearly whites carefully and carefully along with toothpaste and regular flossing from the teeth.
Periodontitis is the even more major and also sophisticated period from gum tissue illness. Reduction of the bone tissue around the teeth is possible in this later stage of periodontal condition and is likewise irreversible. Add-on fibers as well as assisting bone tissue around the teeth could be destroyed, and also are going to eventually lead to the helping to loosen and also befalling from the pearly whites. The signs of the enhanced stage from gum health condition are periodic redness or blood loss from the periodontals while cleaning or even flossing the teeth or even biting tough or even crunchy foods. Periodic swelling from the gum tissues that recur, steady poor preferences in the mouth and foul-smelling breath or even halitosis is actually additionally one of its symptoms. Depressions from gum tissues which result in the prolonging from the teeth are various other signs and symptoms of periodontitis. This results from the rigorous combing of the pearly whites through a hard bristled toothbrush. Pockets in between the teeth and periodontals are actually additionally an indicator from periodontitis. Loosened as well as shaky pearly whites occur in the later period of periodontitis.
There are actually considerable amounts of factors that result in periodontal illness. Cigarette smoking as well as using spit cigarette are one of the threat variable. Faulty fillings, ill suitable links or false teeths and poor dental care are one of the leading reasons for gum illness.
Exercising routine dental health is the most ideal deterrence of gum ailment. Normal oral appointment as well as oral cleansings are strongly urged. See your dental practitioner a minimum of once every six months to identify from when possible stay away from any gum tissue disease.

Gum Disease and Heart Disease: Discovering the Link

Gum Disease and Cardiovascular Disease: Uncovering the Web link

Dr. Bocchi
Source: Flickr

You most likely know that combing as well as flossing your teeth could aid you prevent foul-smelling breath, tooth cavities, and cavity enducing plaque.
Yet, perform you recognize that gum illness may impact your cardio device? Well, that’s what most of the latest researches have determined. According to one certain research study released in the 2005 edition from the diary Blood circulation, “taking excellent treatment of your pearly whites and periodontals can prevent you off having a stroke or even cardiovascular disease. “

The hyperlink in between gum tissue ailment and also heart problem has in fact been researched for a long times, yet until now no concrete evidence may assist the idea that gum condition could trigger heart disease. Yet although the documentation is actually unclear and correct however, the principle is actually thus intriguing, appealing, therefore strong that countless people are relatively enticed that this is actually really the scenario. Several pros in the health care industry think that gum health condition as well as heart problem are actually connected in such a way that the micro-organisms causing in gum ailment may take a trip to the arteries as well as result in the arteries to inflamation and also slim, obstructing the circulation of blood and also oxygen to the soul. The moment the arteries are narrowed and the blood holding oxygen is blocked, heart attack may happen.

As a result of such opinion, many have claimed that individuals with periodontal illness have the odds to cultivate a heart problem almost two times as long as those that possess no periodontal condition. The evidence for this relationship in between periodontal ailment and heart problem is actually so tough that in 1998 the research studies that tackle the hyperlink between periodontal ailment and also cardiovascular disease were awarded along with a $1.3 thousand give by the National Institutes of Wellness.

The hyperlink in between periodontal condition and cardiovascular disease is still currently being explored. But, unlike in the very early times, a number of investigation teams are actually currently doing the job. They basically conduct their studies based upon the recognized theories about the link from periodontal illness and also cardiac arrest. What these ideas are? Look at the following:

* The bacteria in the oral cavity can affect the cardiovascular system when they get into the blood stream as well as affixed to the fatty cavity enducing plaques in the veins. This will definitely create an embolism buildup in the heart’s blood vessels, at that point obstructing the usual blood stream flow and also restraining the volume of nutrients as well as oxygen needed for the cardiovascular system to adequately work.

* The inflammation in the oral cavity brought on by gum tissue health condition could raise the buildup from plaque, which consequently may swell the coronary canals. As soon as the veins are actually puffy, they will tighten and also increase the danger from clots.

The theories, as you could observe, are actually quite compelling. Yet considering that there is actually still no cement proof to assist the insurance claims about the hookup in between periodontal health condition and also cardiovascular disease, maybe the very best way we can do currently it to follow up the researchers and also observe how they enter their endeavor. There is actually nothing incorrect additionally along with considering a well-balanced dental strategy for even though gum illness really isn’t really triggering heart problem, the hookup in between the 2 could possibly still be crucial. An unpleasant as well as bleeding gum is actually a significant indicator of heart problem, after all.

Advice for Hikers and Hunters

Advice for Hikers as well as Hunters

As vibrantly tinted leaves charm the loss garden, hikers and seekers nationwide will certainly move to mountain ranges, hardwoods as well as fields, however lots of, unfortunately, are actually harmful well prepared for the hammering their feet will definitely take, warns the American College of Feet as well as Ankle Joint Surgeons (ACFAS).

“Walkers, hunters and others which love the outsides frequently don’t understand exactly how arduous this could be to stand up to consistent, strenuous strolling on irregular surface,” mentioned Marco Vargas, DPM, AACFAS, a foot and ankle surgeon based in Sugar Property, TX. An enthusiastic outdoorsman himself, Vargas claimed lax physical fitness as well as improper shoes deliver ratings from exterior lovers into his workplace each succumb to therapy of foot as well as ankle complications such as constant heel pain, ankle sprains, Achilles tendonitis, fungal contaminations as well as intense blisters.

“Pacing steep hills and touring with moist, slippery industries as well as woody areas places stress and anxiety on the muscular tissues as well as ligaments in the feets and ankles, particularly if you haven’t toned up effectively previously hitting the trail,” pointed out Vargas. “Additionally, lots of do not understand that cross-training running shoes may not be the very best choice for prolonged walking and searching. Had several of my clients put on durable, well built exploring boots, they would not have suffered sprained ankle joints or strained Achilles ligaments.”

Vargas encourages hikers as well as hunters making the investment in premier treking boots. He stated tough, effectively shielded and also moisture-proof boots with steel or even graphite shanks supply great ankle and also foot assist that aids decrease stress and also muscle mass fatigue to lessen injury threat. “The supportive shank lowers strain on the arc through allowing the boot to circulate impact as the foot moves on. So if a shoes flexes in the middle, don’t buy it.”

In wet as well as winter, using the ideal socks could assist avoid scorchings, fungus infections and also cold. Vargas advises artificial belts as the first layer to always keep the feet dry and minimize blister-causing rubbing. For the second level, wool socks incorporate warmth, take in wetness off of the skin layer, and also assist make the treking shoes more comfortable. “Wool lets dampness vaporize quicker compared to cotton, therefore far fewer blisters develop,” added Vargas.
What occurs if your feets or ankle joints injured in the course of a trek or pursuit? Vargas said pain commonly develops off overuse, even off simply walking. “If you’re not useded to walking on steep or even irregular ground, your lower legs and also shoes will definitely burn out and also cause muscle mass and ligaments to hurt,” he clarified. “To stay away from a severe accident, including an intense ankle strain or an Achilles ligament rupture, remainder for a little while if you begin injuring.”

According to the ACFAS individual internet site,, pain is a cautioning indicator that something mistakes. “Significant personal injury threat rises dramatically if you carry on hiking suffering,” Vargas mentioned. He parallelled hiking to snowboarding because newbies ought to tackle less tough routes until they become better trained and more positive.

Vargas also advises checking out a foot as well as ankle plastic surgeon if there is consistent foot or ankle discomfort following a walking or hunting trip. “I’m very most interested concerning ankle joint instability as well as stressed Achilles tendons. Inattention to these problems at their beginning might result in a serious injury that will certainly maintain you off the tracks for a very long time,” Vargas said.

Walkers and also hunters seeking additional info concerning ankle joint strains, Achilles tendon personal injuries and various other feet and ankle troubles, or trying to find a neighborhood foot and ankle joint cosmetic surgeon, can explore

Marco A. Vargas DPM
Feet & Ankle Joint Associates
Board Accredited in Podiatric Surgical Treatment
17510 W Grand Parkway South
Set 530
Sugar Land, TX 77479
( 281) 313-0090
( 281) 232-7918 Fax

Types of Gum Disease

Forms Of Gum Tissue Condition

Gum illness or likewise known as “periodontal disease” is a serious bacterial infection that wrecks the add-on threads and the sustaining bone tissue that holds the teeth in the oral cavity. Periodontal disease (the word “periodontal” as a mater from simple fact indicates “around the tooth”) if left behind neglected could trigger missing teeth or even can easily bring about heart issues like canal clog or even movement. Periodontal condition possesses several kinds. Listed here are the forms of periodontal diseases:
Gingivitis is actually the sort of gum disease that gones on its onset. Gingivitis is actually frequently caused by poor oral cleanliness which eventually is going to cause the develop of oral plaque buildup and also tartar. Gingivitis, if diagnosed early, could be managed and also reversed. Red, inflamed as well as swollen gum tissues are actually evidence from gingivitis. A considerable amount of factors add to this type of gum tissue ailment. Diabetes, smoking, getting older, genetic susceptibility, worry, unsatisfactory nutrition, hormonal fluctuations and also specific medicines are only a few of the elements. If gingivitis is actually left behind unattended that will definitely bring about various other kinds of periodontal health condition that gones on the state-of-the-art phase.
Aggressive Periodontitis
Threatening periodontitis is just one of the types of gum tissue ailment that experience painless gingival irritation and also damages from the bone tissue around the pearly whites. Others have the tendency to look at the easy blood loss of the gum tissues after cleaning up the teeth as irrelevant. This is looked at among the indicators of this particular type of gum health condition.
Constant Periodontitis
Persistent Periodontitis is just one of the forms of periodontal ailment that leads to the irritation within the accessory fibers and supporting bone damage.
This is actually distinguisheded by pocket buildup or economic crisis of the periodontals. Chronic Periodontitis is actually the most usual forms of gum condition. This sort of periodontal illness prevails one of grownups yet this could also develop at any kind of age. The progress of the attachment reduction of this kind of periodontal ailment is actually generally slow yet episodes of quick progress might tend to transpire.
Periodontitis as a Sign of Systemic Ailment
This is one of the types of periodontal ailment that often occurs to individuals at younger age. Periodontitis as a symptom from systemic condition is regularly associated with various other kind of systemic health conditions like diabetic issues.
Necrotizing Gum Illness
Necrotizing gum disease is a contamination that is actually identified through death of gum tissue tissues, gum ligament and the alveolar bone tissue. These personal injuries are actually frequently recognized in people along with systemic ailments along with, yet not confined to HIV diseases, lack of nutrition as well as immunosuppressions.

Despite the fact that some periodontal ailments could be quite severe, this can be prevented by frequent check ups. Regular dental inspection is one of the essential factor in the early diagnosis of gum tissue health conditions and also various other significant oral complications that could be deadly.

How Do You Prevent Gum Disease? (2)

Just how Perform You Stop Gum Tissue Condition?

Invisalign & Family Orthodontics Dentist in Plantation
Source: Flickr

Just how do you avoid gum tissue illness? So as to be actually devoid of any gum ailments, you have to initially recognize gum tissue ailments and also the root cause of the trouble. Gum tissue disease or even additionally referred to as “Gum ailment” is a kind of illness that involves the irritation of the periodontals or “gingiva” which may bring about the reduction from the bones around the teeth. Gum health condition is actually various off “gingivitis” due to the fact that gingivitis is the swelling of the gingiva however with no bone reduction.
So just how do you protect against gum condition? Or even better, exactly how do you know that you possess a periodontal ailment? There are actually many indicators that show if an individual possesses a periodontal condition. The primary variable is actually bad breath or halitosis. If a person possesses recurring bad breath, this is actually one evidence from periodontal disease. One more sign is actually periodic inflammation or even the gums bleed when you brush your teeth, or even when flossing the pearly whites or when consuming hard foods or continuing to persist periodontal swellings. Economic slump from the gums as a result of noticeable prolonging from the pearly whites is another evidence, although this indicator can easily likewise be actually triggered by cleaning the pearly whites tough or even using toothbrush along with challenging rages. The separation of the gums coming from the pearly whites or the wallets in between the periodontal as well as the pearly whites are also one more sign of gum ailment. Wallets are actually spots where the jaw bone has actually become ruined or by consistent swellings. Loosened or even unsteady teeth could take place in the later stages of the gum health condition.
That is vital to understand that gingival inflammation and also bone tissue devastation is through big, painless.
Many individuals take for given the pain-free bleeding from the gums after cleaning up or cleaning of the pearly whites. This can, and often is actually a significant sign of progressing periodontitis. Gum diseases carry out certainly not just have an effect on the oral wellness of an individual; it may additionally bring about cardiovascular disease.
Therefore how do you protect against periodontal condition? Avoiding gum tissue condition is actually extremely easy. The essence on just how do you stop gum condition is through having everyday oral health procedures. Below are actually several of the methods on how perform you protect against gum illness:
* Combing your pearly whites at the very least pair of opportunities a day is necessary. Brushing the pearly whites entirely clears away the plaques that form on the surface prior to the cavity enducing plaque hardens into calculus.
* Daily flossing of the teeth. Flossing your pearly whites daily is actually the merely means to obtain rid of the oral plaque buildups that are in between your teeth that may certainly not be actually achieved through combing.
* Utilize a disinfectant mouth laundry. An antimicrobial mouth wash could provide extra aid in controlling oral plaque buildup. Remember that some booze located oral cavity clean might get worse the condition.
* Browse through the dental practitioner frequently. A regular dental examination is actually one certain way of creating your teeth and gums well-balanced.

Only keep in mind, maintaining an everyday dental care keeps you off having gum tissue illness.

Sprains and Strains in Adolescents

Sprains and Strains in Adolescents

Chiropractic care, the safest way to get rid of pain troubles
Source: Flickr

Sprains and strains are among the majority of the injuries caused while playing sports. Sports injuries can be caused by small trauma which involves ligaments, muscles and tendons including bruises, sprains and strains. The body part which is most commonly involved in spraining or straining is the ankle. The 3 ligaments that are involved during ankle sprain or strain include anterior talofubular ligament, posterior talofibular ligament and calcaneofibular ligament.

An injury caused to the soft tissue as a result of a direct force like fall, kick and blow is called a contusion or a bruise. A sprain is nothing but a ligament injury which is wrenched or twisted. Sprains usually affect knees, wrists and ankles. On the other hand a strain is an injury caused to a tendon or muscle which usually results from force, stretching and overuse.

Sprains/Strains are usually diagnosed by a physician after a physical examination. The physician asks for thorough medical history of the adolescent and asks various questions that lead to the cause of the injury. Various diagnostic procedures are also available which also helps in evaluating the problem. X-ray is one of the oldest and common diagnostic tests done to know the extent and exact location of the injury. An x-ray uses electromagnetic waves to get photos of internal tissues, organs and bones onto a film. MRI scan is one of the recently evolved diagnostic procedures which also help in evaluating a physical injury. This procedure actually called Magnetic Resonance Imaging makes use of bug magnets, computer and radio frequencies to get detailed pictures of structures and organs inside the body. Another diagnostic procedure called Computed Tomography Scan or CT scan is also used to evaluate the extent and location of injury. This procedure uses a blend of computers and x-rays to get cross sectional pictures in horizontal and vertical alignment. It shows thorough pictures of any part of the body like muscles, bones, fat and organs. They provide more information than conventional x-rays.

There are various symptoms of strain and sprain depending on each teen’s physical condition and they may vary accordingly. One of the symptoms includes pain in and around the area injury. There could also be a swelling around the injured area. Some teens also experience difficulty when they use or move the area of the body that is injured. Some teenagers also undergo bruises or redness in the area that is injured. Many times the symptoms of sprains and strains may look similar to other medical conditions and a doctor’s advice is the best option in this scenario.

Depending on various factors the treatment of sprains and strains will be prescribed by the teenager’s physician that include teenager’s age, overall health of the teenager, and medical history of the adolescent. To what extent the teen is injured is also a factor in determining the nature of treatment. A teenager’s level of tolerance to certain medications, therapies and procedures is also taken into consideration before opting for a particular method of treatment. The treatment also depends of what expectations one has and also preference and opinion.

Various options available for treatment include things like restriction of the activity after the injury, application of cast/splint on the injured spot, crutches or wheelchair, physical therapy which involves stretching exercises to give strength to the muscles, tendons and ligaments that are injured and last but not the least is the surgery which is opted for in worst case scenario.

In the long-term scenario bruises, sprains and strains heal pretty quickly in kids and teenagers but it is important that the adolescent sticks to the restrictions imposed during the treatment and healing process like restriction of activity and regularly attending physical therapy sessions if any. It is noted that majority of the sports related injuries results either due to traumatic injury or excessive use of muscles and joints. But, they can be avoided and prevented with right training, by wearing right protective gears and by using right equipment for training.